You Credit Score- How's Your FICO?
Since we live in an computer-driven society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan comes down to a single number.
This score is built by credit agencies. These agencies use the payment history from all of your loans: credit cards, mortgages, car loans etcetera.
All three credit agencies (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) use a slightly different system to arrive at a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; all of the agencies use the following to build your credit score:
- Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Have you paid more than 30 days late, and how often?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts do you carry? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these factors is assigned a value and a weight. Each formula produces a single number which may vary a a little by agency. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is always better. Most home buyers likely find their credit scores falling between 620 and 800.
Not just for qualifying
Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Can I raise my credit score?
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. You should appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect data on your credit report, which is the only "quick fix" for credit troubles.
Getting your credit score
In order to improve your credit score, you must get the credit reports that the agencies use to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. For a reasonable fee, you can get your FICO score from all three agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are information and tools that help you improve your credit score.
You can get a free credit report once per year from all three agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting one is fast and inexpensive.
Armed with this info, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about credit scores? Give us a call at 512-592-5462.